We are interested in how the brain and spinal cord control movements. Our experiments address a range of topics from how individual motor neurons  (etched representation shown in photograph) integrate synaptic information to reanimation of movement in paralyzed individuals.

We use a variety of techniques including patch-clamp electrophysiology, single motor unit recording, microneurography, nerve/muscle stimulation,  multi-muscle electromyography, limb kinematics, and computer modeling.  We use humans, monkeys, and rodents as our experimental subjects.

Our laboratory is in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, at the University of Arizona, in Tucson, Arizona, and is supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.